In hydraulic governors this effect is negated by having oil pressure act as the controlling force
Servoed system with feedbackAn Alternative is to lead the outlet oil to a servo system. The servo piston can be either spring return
Should the engine speed fall the flyweights will tend to fall towards the axis rotation due to pressure from the speeder spring overcoming the reduced centrifugal force. The pilot valve moves down and the control land allows oil to flow to the servo piston raising it. When the engine speed increases the flyweights begin to overcome the speeder spring and the pilot valve moves up covering the servo supply port
In this design Setpoint may be varied by use of an adjusting screw altering the compression of the speeder spring. In addition Feedback is given to increase stability. The term applied to this is Droop
DroopDroop is defined as the reduction in speed compared to set speed over full load change x 100 as is expressed as a percentage When the governor reacts to load change then inertia of the engine response can lead to overshoot in speed change which can have a cumulative effect. To prevent this a feedback system is used. In the case of the governor systems above this has the effect of modifying the speed set point .
Should the engine speed fall the flyweights will tend to fall towards the axis rotation due to pressure from the speeder spring overcoming the reduced centrifugal force. The pilot valve moves down and the control land allows oil to flow to the servo piston raising it. This increases the fuel supply to the engine but also reduces the speed set point as the feed back lever is also raised moving the connection to the speed spring upwards reducing spring pressure. The Flyweights ar able to raise the pilot valve closing off the supply of oil to the servo
The engine will now run with some degree of stability. However it will not run at set speed.
CompensationThis allows for the stabiiising effect of droop but maintains original set point speed.
. Compensation takes place to provide a further slight fuel change to return the speed to normal. The centering spring forces the receiving piston downwards and oil escapes through the adjustable valve.. This lowers that end of the floating lever until both centering springs are equally loaded and that end of the floating lever is in its original position. The pilot valve is open slightly allowing oil to the servo which gives a further slight increase in fuel. The engine speeds up, the rotating weights move out and the pilot valve is lifted until it is closed. The engine now operates with increased load, increased fuel but at the same original speed. class="noindent">