Minimum requirements for boiler mountings
- two safety v/v's
- one stm stop
- two independent feed check
- two water gauge or equivalent
- one pressure gauge
- one salinometer v/v or cock
- one blowdown/scum v/v
- one low level fuel shut off device and alarm
FunctionsSAFETY V/V-protect the boiler from over pressurisation. DTI require at least two safety v/v's but normally three are fitted ,two to the drum and one to the superheater. The superheater must be set to lift first to ensure a flow of steam through the superheater.
These must be set to a maximum of 3% above approved boiler working pressure. MAIN STM STOP-mounted on supherheater outlet header to enable boiler to be isolated from the steam line if more than one boiler is connected. V/v must be screw down non return type to prevent back flow of steam from other boiler into one of the boilers which has sustained damage (burst tube etc) v/v may be fitted with an emergency closing device.
AUXILLIARY STOP V/V- similar to main stops but connected to the auxiliary steam line
FEED CHECK V/V'S- a SDNR v/v so that if feed p/p stops the boiler water will be prevented from blowing out the boiler. The main check is often fitted to the inlet flange of the economiser if no economiser fitted then directly connected to the boiler. The Auxiliary feed check is generally fitted directly to an inlet flange to the drum with crossovers to the main feed line. Usually fitted with extended spindles to allow remote operation which must have an indicator fitted.
WATER GUAGES- usual practice is to fit two direct reading and at least one remote for convenient reading.
PRESSURE GUAGES-fitted as required to steam drum and superheater header
SALINOMETER COCKS OR V/V'S-fitted to the water drum to allow samples to be taken.Cooling coil fitted for high pressure boilers.
BLOWDOWN COCK- used to purge the boiler of contaminants.Usually two v/v's fitted to ensure tightness . These v/v's lead to an overboard v/v.
SCUM V/V-These are fitted where possibility of oil contamination exists. They are designed to remove water and/or contaminants at or close to normal working level.